Top 11 Causes of Paruresis
Paruresis or shy bladder is a very stressful social anxiety disorder. It leads to an increased phobia of urinating in public places to extreme fear of urination. Paruresis can lead to problems in leading a normal life.
It is very important to understand the causes behind it, so that this perplexing psychological disorder can be better understood. Here the various causes of paruresis are discussed.
The many specific reasons for getting paruresis are still not fully understood. However, many precipitating factors are explored to a greater extent like:
It has been seen that there is a positive correlation between paruresis and abuse. The children who have been exposed to abuse in their homes are more likely to get paruresis.
2.Critical parenting style
The psychological distress leads to paruresis over years. This has been found to be linked with overly critical parents. This leads to submissive and distressed children who develop phobia called paruresis.
3.Trauma in early years
Any kind of trauma in formative years of life like, being bullied, teasing for incontinence or unable to urinate while giving a urine sample are few of the reasons. Trauma can be of any kind and must be distressing enough to psychologically affect the child.
4. Social anxiety predisposition
Paruresis is a kind of social anxiety wherein some people are more prone to develop this disorder. A 2004 study found that people predisposed to get paruresis were more self cautious, ‘over-thinkers’ and sensitive to little things. These people have more interest in their inner motivations and are usually quite successful in life. Whether the predisposition personality is genetic or environmental construct, remains to be seen.
5. Generalized feeling of inadequacy
Paruresis patients generally feel inadequate and good for nothing. This feeling of insecurity and low self worth leads to the phobia.
6. Importance one gives to paruresis
This type of condition is called secondary paruresis. It develops with a slight phobia at first. And with time it develops into full blown paruresis due to over importance given to it.
7. Environmental factors
Many factors in one’s surroundings can also lead to the development of paruresis. They act as precipitating factors in the phobia. The various factors are too much proximity to others, excessive noise, disturbed personal relationships and domineering characteristics of others like age, penis or body size.
8. Personality factors
Some people have a type of persona which is very likely to get paruresis. These people are usually non assertive, sensitive to what others think of them and have fear of being seen as inadequate. The genetic basis of this personality link remains to be proved.
9. Mood and attitude
The feelings and attitude to life also lead to paruresis. People who are pessimistic or have low self worth are more likely to get paruresis or shy bladder.
10. Sexual ‘contamination’
These reasons can be such as a homosexual not able to segregate urination from sexual function. Or a bisexual gets concerned that problem in urination will make others think of him as homosexual.
11. Physical factors
lastly, some physical features can lead to paruresis like narrow urethra or an enlarged prostrate.
Thus, the various causes of paruresis are now known to you. This disorder can be avoided by making a little life changed and different thinking. An expert therapist can easily help to cure paruresis and help you to live a healthy life.
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